Myofascial Pain: What is it?


Myofascial Pain

What is it?

Myofascial pain is can be defined as localized muscle pain due to myofascial trigger points within the muscle. Other symptoms may include referred pain around the area, muscle tightness or stiffness, and loss of range of motion. Although a muscle may have trigger points that doesn’t necessarily mean there will be pain. You can have trigger points within the muscle with or without pain. If the trigger point is actively irritated it will most likely be causing your pain symptoms. If the trigger point is latent or dormant you may only have pain when pressure is applied to the area. Myofascial or muscle pain can be caused by various issues, but the good news is there is help with trigger point therapy.

Some Common Causes of Myofascial Pain

  •  Acute trauma
    • Sports injuries
    • MVAs
  • Muscle overload or overuse
  • Muscle contractures or muscle tightness
    • Causing taut bands and buildup of trigger points
  • Deconditioning of the muscle or muscle weakness
  • Postural Stress
    • This is often caused by a combination of the above issues depending on our prolonged posture with sitting and standing activities. Your posture can tell you a lot about what muscle tissues may be taut and over activated and what muscles may be weak and deconditioned.

What to do about it?

If you have muscle or myofascial pain your therapist should be able to determine the source and cause of your pain and symptoms with a comprehensive examination and palpation of your muscle tissues. It is very important to determine the source of your pain and not just treat the site of your pain. Often the pain is just a symptom of an underlying issue.

In a case where the pain comes on without an acute injury to the area you may not know what came first the tightness, weakness, overload of muscles, but you can still get the appropriate trigger point treatment to help decreased your pain.

Contact us at Precision Physical Therapy to find out where your pain is coming from and start your road to recovery today!

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